Teenage pregnancyalso known as adolescent pregnancyis pregnancy in a female under the age of Pregnant teenagers face many of the same pregnancy related issues as other women. There are additional concerns for those under the age of 15 as they are less likely to be physically developed to sustain a healthy pregnancy or to give birth.
Evelyn M. Kappeler is Director of the U. The contents, findings, and views contained in this article are those of the author and do not necessarily represent the official programs and policies of the Office of Adolescent Health, the Office of the Assistant Secretary for Health, or the Department of Health and Human Services.
Being a teenager and finding out you are pregnant, especially if the pregnancy is unexpected and not wanted, can put enormous stress on a young woman and her family. However, once the pregnancy is confirmed, the important thing is to support the young woman and to help her to make the wisest choice for her at this time. Finding out you are pregnant can bring up many different emotions.
Teenage pregnancy is pregnancy in a woman 19 years of age or younger. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention CDCinaroundbabies were born to American girls between the ages of 15 to While the number of teenage pregnancies in the United States has been in decline, it still remains higher than in other industrialized countries.
Ina total ofbabies were born to women aged 15—19 years, for a birth rate of This is another record low for U. Although reasons for the declines are not totally clear, evidence suggests these declines are due to more teens abstaining from sexual activity, and more teens who are sexually active using birth control than in previous years.
Every year, an estimated 21 million girls aged 15 to 19 years and 2 million girls aged under 15 years become pregnant in developing regions 12. Approximately 16 million girls aged 15 to 19 years and 2. The global adolescent birth rate has declined from 65 births per women in to 47 births per women in 6.
A girl who has decided to have her baby should be under the care of an obstetrician, preferably someone with experience in working with adolescents. According to Dr. Late entry into perinatal care may also increase the risks.
Most teenage girls don't plan to get pregnantbut many do. Teen pregnancies carry extra health risks to both the mother and the baby. Often, teens don't get prenatal care soon enough, which can lead to problems later on.
The Canadian Paediatric Society gives permission to print single copies of this document from our website. For permission to reprint or reproduce multiple copies, please see our copyright policy. Adolescent parents and their children present to health care practitioners as two paediatric patients, each with unique health care needs.