Hemorrhoids are part of the normal anatomy of the anus and lower rectum. They act as cushions to protect the anal skin from the passage of stool. Hemorrhoids usually are not a problem, but they can become a problem if they swell, bleed or protrude — come out of the rectum to the outside of the anus.
Hemorrhoids are swollen veins in your lower rectum. Internal hemorrhoids are usually painless, but tend to bleed. External hemorrhoids may cause pain.
Rectal prolapse causes a lump to stick out of your back passage anus and this can become quite painful. Although the lump can pop in and out at first, later on it can stay out all the time, especially when you stand up. This can cause problems with daily activities that involve walking or standing for any length of time.
Rectal problems are common. Almost everyone will experience some rectal itching, pain, or bleeding at some time during his or her life. These problems are often minor and may go away on their own or with home treatment. Rectal itching pruritus is usually not a sign of a serious disease.
Back to Health A to Z. Anal cancer is a rare type of cancer that affects the anus the end of the bowel. The symptoms of anal cancer are often similar to more common and less serious conditions affecting the anus, such as piles haemorrhoids and small tears or sores called anal fissures.
There are two types of haemorrhoids — external near the opening of the anus and internal inside the anal canal. External haemorrhoids develop near the anus and are covered by very sensitive skin. If a blood clot develops in one of them, a painful swelling may occur.
We respect your privacy. Hemorrhoids are common and usually not too serious. They can often be treated with home remedies, and you may not even need to be seen by a doctor.
Finding a lump on any part of your body can be alarming, but try not worry. If you've found a small and often dark or black coloured lump on the outside or your anus that looks a bit like external pilesit is most likely a perianal haematoma. A perianal haematoma can be distinctly uncomfortable, and may leave you feeling worried or embarrassed, as well as in pain.
The anus is an opening in the lower part of the digestive tract. When stool fills the rectum, the sphincter muscle relaxes, letting stool pass through the anus and out of the body. The external anal sphincter closes off the anus when stool has passed.
Gastrointestinal Health Haemorrhoids. Haemorrhoids are enlarged, congested veins just under the surface tissue of your rectum the last part of your bowel or your anus the opening of your bowel. Haemorrhoids that occur in your rectum are called internal haemorrhoids, and those that occur around your anus are called external haemorrhoids. You may notice blood usually bright red on the toilet paper or in the toilet after having a bowel movement, and bleeding can be painless.