Central Asia stretches from the Caspian Sea in the west to China in the east and from Afghanistan in the south to Russia in the north. The region consists of the former Soviet republics of KazakhstanKyrgyzstanTajikistanTurkmenistanand Uzbekistan. Central Asia has a population of about 72 million, consisting of five republics: Kazakhstan pop.
Central Asia's epic history is of great continent-spanning empires, of invasions by Turkic nomads and their subsequent interactions with settled Persian farmers and traders. Over the centuries peoples, conquerors, cultures, religions and ideas have traversed the region's steppes, deserts and mountain passes, creating a unique and sophisticated culture and swinging the region alternately from the heartland of Asia to the middle of nowhere. Cultural continuity in Central Asia begins in the late 3rd millennium BC with the Indo-Iranians, speakers of an unrecorded Indo-European dialect related distantly to English.
Balihar Sanghera was a George F. Kennan Scholar from September to December Elmira Satybaldieva does not work for, consult, own shares in or receive funding from any company or organisation that would benefit from this article, and has disclosed no relevant affiliations beyond their academic appointment.
Throughout more than two millennia, the extensive droughty areas in East Asia were occupied by pastoral nomads. A long history exists of hybridity between steppe and agricultural areas. The ancient nomads had a specific pastoral economy, a mobile lifestyle, a unique mentality that assumed unpretentiousness and stamina, cults of war, warrior horsemen, and heroized ancestors that were reflected, in turn, in both their verbal oeuvre heroic epos and their arts animal style. They established vast empires that united many peoples.
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Conference on Dialogue of Asian Civilizations. With a population of more than 30 million, and an area of nearlysquare kilometers, Uzbekistan is in the heart of the Central Asia. Neighboring Afghanistan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan and Turkmenistan, it is a landlocked country with a fasinating history.
Steppe societies is a collective name for the Bronze Age ca. Mobile pastoralist groups have lived and herded in western and central Asia for at least 5, years, raising horses, cattle, sheep, goats, and yaks. Their borderless lands intersect the modern countries of Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan, Kazakhstan, Mongolia, Xinjiang, and Russia, affecting and being affected by complex social systems from China to the Black Sea, the Indus Valley and Mesopotamia.
History of Central Asiahistory of the area from prehistoric and ancient times to the present. In its historical application the term Central Asia designates an area that is considerably larger than the heartland of the Asian continent. Were it not for the awkwardness of the term, it would be better to speak of Central Eurasia, comprising all those parts of the huge Eurasian landmass that did not develop a distinctive sedentary civilization of their own. The equation so often propounded—of the civilized with the sedentary and the barbarian with the nomad —is misleading, however.
The history of Central Asia concerns the history of the various peoples that have inhabited Central Asia. The lifestyle of such people has been determined primarily by the area's climate and geography. The aridity of the region makes agriculture difficult and distance from the sea cut it off from much trade.
The largest-ever study of ancient human DNA, along with the first genome of an individual from the ancient Indus Valley Civilization, reveal in unprecedented detail the shifting ancestry of Central and South Asian populations over time. The research, published online Sept. Geneticists, archaeologists and anthropologists from North America, Europe, Central Asia and South Asia analyzed the genomes of never before-studied ancient individuals.