With your help we can keep it that way. Find out how The theories of lifelong education and of life-span development may have been the most important theoretical contributions to adult education in recent years.
An adult learner, or more commonly, a mature student, is a person who is older and is involved in forms of learning. Adult learners fall in a specific criteria of being experienced, and do not always have a high school diploma. Many of the adult learners go back to school to finish a degree, or earn a new one.
These habits of mind are shaped by both internal cognitive processes and external social contexts. Learning in adulthood is distinguished by its self-directed and critically reflective nature, as well as its rootedness in everyday experiences and the social roles associated with those experiences. Decades of research in the behavioral and social sciences confirm what philosophers, novelists, and other observers of mankind have always known — learning does not stop with the conclusion of formal education; it is, rather, a lifelong process.
A century later, Malcolm Knowleswho had laid the foundation for the theory of adult education, revives the term and makes it known, considering essential that the adult learning is identified distinctly from that of children. Knowles taught at Boston University in the late s before joining the faculty of the University of North Carolina in He is credited with more than articles and 18 books, including his fundamental texts: The Modern Practice of Adult Education and The Adult Learner. Online training promotes learner-centered as opposed to teacher-centered learning.
Knowles published six assumptions about the adult learner. The adult self-concept moves from dependent to self-directing. An adult has many life experiences which is a great source to the adult to empower learning.
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See, also: malcolm knowles, informal adult education, self-direction and andragogy. The term andragogy was originally formulated by a German teacher, Alexander Kapp, in Nottingham Andragogy Group v. The he only used it on two occasions.
The concept of human knowledge is a human construct, and therefore, researching experience from the point of view of those who are living it following a social constructivist paradigm will likely reveal valuable information. Approaches that deal with flexible learning are referred to as online or distance learning ODL. Global Voices in Higher Education. Through open distance learning ODLadult learners can increase access to learning opportunities irrespective of geographical challenges because the flexibility of time, pace and place of study is assured; teaching and learning are individualised; they are free to select their own learning environment, and they can take responsibility for their own learning at their own pace.
Who can be defined as an adult learner? Such a person typically has responsibilities in several adult life roles. Traditionally, the youth instructor is presumed to be one who is equipped with the knowledge and skills necessary for the curriculum and is responsible for conveying this information to the learner.
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